Bilingual dictionary: This uses translation from the target language into another language for definitions and examples. See monolingual dictionary.
Consult: To get advice or information from someone or something, e.g. a dictionary or grammar book.
Headword: A word whose meaning is explained in a dictionary. It usually appears in bold at the top of a dictionary entry.
Monolingual dictionary: This uses only the target language for headwords, definitions, examples etc. See bilingual dictionary.
Phonemic chart: A poster or large diagram of the phonemic symbols.
Reference materials, resources: The materials that teachers and students use to check information, e.g. grammar books, dictionaries or CD ROMs.
Teaching materials and aids
Activity book: see book.
Adapt (material): To change a text or other material, so that it is suitable to use with a particular class.
Audio script: see tape script.
Authentic material: Written or spoken texts which a first language speaker would read or listen to. They may be taken from newspapers, radio etc. The language is not made easier.
Board game: A game played by two or more players on a board and often using dice. Teachers can use these for controlled language practice.
Book: An activity book or workbook has extra practice and is often used for homework. It usually accompanies a coursebook. A coursebook or textbook is used regularly by students in the class. It generally contains grammar, vocabulary and skills work. A coursebook unit is a chapter of a coursebook. A teacher’s book accompanies the coursebook, and contains teaching ideas, tape scripts and answers to coursebook activities.
Brochure: see leaflet.
Chart: A drawing or graph that can be placed on the classroom wall and can show information such as irregular verb forms or prepositions.
Coursebook: see book.
Coursebook unit: see book.
Crossword puzzle: A word game in which students complete a grid. Students write the answers to definitions in the squares on the grid. It is often used to revise vocabulary.
Dialogue: A conversation between two people.
Dice: Small blocks of plastic or wood with six sides and a different number of spots on each side. They are used in board games.
Exploit (material): To use material for a particular purpose.
Flashcard: A card with words, sentences or pictures on it. A teacher can use these to explain a situation, tell a story, teach vocabulary etc.
Flipchart: A pad of large sheets of paper fixed to a stand, which teachers use for presenting information to the class.
Graded reader: A story book with language that has been made easier for students.
Graph: A drawing that uses a line or lines to show how two or more things are related to each other.
Grid: A pattern of straight lines that cross each other to make squares.
Handout, worksheet: A piece of paper with exercises, activities or tasks on it that a teacher gives to students for a range of reasons during a class.
Language laboratory: A room in a school where students can practise language by listening to tapes and by recording themselves speaking.
Leaflet, brochure: A piece of printed paper that gives information or advertises something. This is one example of realia.
Learning centre: see self-access centre.
Overhead projector (OHP): A piece of equipment that makes images appear on a wall or screen. It can be used in a classroom instead of a whiteboard or blackboard.
Overhead transparency (OHT): The plastic sheet a teacher can write on and use on an overhead projector (OHP).
Puppet: A model of a person or animal that a teacher can move by putting their hand inside it, which is often used when teaching young learners.
Realia: Real objects such as menus, timetables and leaflets that can easily be brought into the classroom for a range of purposes.
Resources: see teaching aids, reference materials, resources, learning resources.
Rubric: Written instructions for a task.
Self-access centre, learning centre: A place with learning resources such as books, computers and cassettes where students can study by themselves.
Supplementary material: The books and other materials which teachers can use in addition to a coursebook, e.g. pronunciation practice materials.
Tapescript, audio script, transcript: The written version of the words students hear when doing a listening activity. These can often be found in a teacher’s book.
Teacher’s book: see book.
Teaching aids: Any materials or resources a teacher uses in the classroom, e.g. OHP, charts. See realia and learning resources.
Textbook: see book.
Transcript: see tapescript.
Video clip: Part of a video that can be used in class.
Visual (aid): A picture or a diagram that can help teachers illustrate meaning.
Workbook: see book.
Worksheet: see handout.